This explanation details a DAX code snippet that computes the weighted average price of products in the "Electronics" category by factoring in sales quantity, using functions like CALCULATE, SUMX, and FILTER for accurate analysis.

The provided code snippet is written in DAX (Data Analysis Expressions), commonly used in Microsoft Power BI, Excel, and SQL Server Analysis Services. The code calculates the weighted average price of products in the "Electronics" category.

The main objective of this code is to compute the weighted average price of products specifically within the "Electronics" category by considering each product's sales quantity.

**CALCULATE Function**:- This function evaluates an expression in a modified filter context. Here, it alters how the data is aggregated by restricting it to the "Electronics" category.

**SUMX Function**:- This is an iterator function that calculates the sum across a table or column. In this context, it is utilized twice:
- The first
`SUMX`

computes the total revenue from selling products, which is the product of`[Price]`

and`[SalesQuantity]`

. - The second
`SUMX`

calculates the total sales quantity across the products.

- The first

- This is an iterator function that calculates the sum across a table or column. In this context, it is utilized twice:
**FILTER Function**:- It creates a table that includes only the rows where the condition is met. In this case, it filters the
`Products`

table to include only items from the "Electronics" category.

- It creates a table that includes only the rows where the condition is met. In this case, it filters the

```
WeightedAvgPrice =
CALCULATE(
SUMX(
Products,
Products[Price] * Products[SalesQuantity]
) / SUMX(
Products,
Products[SalesQuantity]
),
FILTER(
Products,
Products[Category] = "Electronics"
)
)
```

**WeightedAvgPrice =**: This is the definition of a new measure called`WeightedAvgPrice`

.**CALCULATE**: This function will compute the expression inside it while applying the filters specified afterwards.**First SUMX**:- It iterates through the
`Products`

table, calculating the total revenue for each product:`Products[Price] * Products[SalesQuantity]`

gives the revenue generated by each product.

- It iterates through the
**Second SUMX**:- It calculates the total sales quantity across all products:
- This is done by simply aggregating
`Products[SalesQuantity]`

.

- This is done by simply aggregating

- It calculates the total sales quantity across all products:
**Division**:- The result of the first
`SUMX`

(total revenue) is divided by the result of the second`SUMX`

(total sales quantity):- This gives the weighted average price.

- The result of the first
**FILTER**:- This function modifies the context so that the calculations are only based on products in the "Electronics" category.

**Weighted Average**: A weighted average gives more significance to certain values depending on their weights. In this case, products with higher sales quantities contribute more to the average price than those with lower quantities.**Context**: In DAX, context refers to the environment in which a calculation is performed. There are two types:**Row Context**is established by iterating over rows, as done in`SUMX`

.**Filter Context**is established by functions like`FILTER`

and is crucial for accurately analyzing data slices.

To demonstrate the flexibility of DAX for similar calculations, consider calculating the weighted average price for another category, say "Furniture":

```
WeightedAvgPriceFurniture =
CALCULATE(
SUMX(
Products,
Products[Price] * Products[SalesQuantity]
) / SUMX(
Products,
Products[SalesQuantity]
),
FILTER(
Products,
Products[Category] = "Furniture"
)
)
```

This example follows the same structure, merely changing the category designation.

The provided DAX code effectively calculates the weighted average price of products in the "Electronics" category by accounting for the prices and quantities sold. Understanding each function's role within DAX enhances comprehension of data model calculations and can be expanded to other scenarios within Power BI and related applications. For further learning on DAX and data analytics, consider exploring courses available on the Enterprise DNA Platform.

This explanation details a DAX code snippet that computes the weighted average price of products in the "Electronics" category by factoring in sales quantity, using functions like CALCULATE, SUMX, and FILTER for accurate analysis.

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